Ref: SOS/SOM/BL/0020219 Terms of Reference for Base Line Study for The Project "From Emergency to Reconstruction”

Job Details
Employer: SOS Children's Villages International
Job Title: Ref: SOS/SOM/BL/0020219 Terms of Reference for Base Line Study for The Project "From Emergency to Reconstruction”
Job Type: Full-Time
Location: Somalia
Category: Other
  1. Introduction SOS Children's Villages is a non-governmental social development organization that has been active in the field of children's rights and committed to children's needs and concerns since 1948. SOS Children’s Villages Somalia (referred to as SOS Somalia) has officially been working in Somalia since 1983. SOS Somalia is an officially registered non-profit and non-governmental organization in the country. SOS Somalia has decision-making power over its own facilities and is a local, independent and responsible body. It is an active member of the worldwide federation, SOS Children’s Villages International, the umbrella organization of all national, independent SOS Children’s Villages Associations (based in Innsbruck, Austria). SOS Somalia focuses on vulnerable children, their families and their communities; majority of who have been affected by the impacts of Somalia’s prolonged civil conflict, chronic drought and frequent floods with attendant famine, mass movement and displacement of populations, diseases, severe acute malnutrition, and low human productivity all leading to extreme poverty. Following the outbreak of the Civil War in 1991, Somalia has, for two decades, been locked in a vicious cycle of chronic poverty and underdevelopment. Protracted conflict, chronic drought and frequent floods with attendant famine, diseases, severe acute malnutrition and economic collapse have caused mass displacement of Somali communities. However, recent positive political and security developments as well as the international recognition of the Federal Somali Government that formed in 2012, give an outlook that is more positive than it has been in a long time. These improvements have witnessed the return of many refugees and internally displaced people, who are eager to reconstruct their country. Complex problem situations, in connection with poverty, poor living conditions, lack of education and health problems prevent people from realizing their ambitions on their own. Despite the progress and the proven potential for development of the economy, the region’s ability has not been realized, which culminates to a stagnant economy and poor human development indicators. Over the past four years, real GDP growth has been moderate, averaging about 3.4%. Real GDP growth slowed to an estimated 2.4% in 2017, due mainly to the ongoing drought, and is projected to recover to 3.5% in 2018 and 2019. (African Economic Outlook 2018). Poverty is abundant in Somalia, with a half of the country’s population of about 12 million living below the international poverty line (of $1.90 a day). One in every 3 people receiving remittances is poor (35.4%). Inequality is high, driven by the difference in the incidence of poverty in different locations: it is close to 60% in Mogadishu, more than 40% in other urban settings, a little over 50% in rural areas, and much higher in IDP settlements at about 70%(World bank Somalia).
  2. Brief project information The project will target urban poor families in Barwaaqo and Bandarwanaag Quarters of Heliwa district. Heliwaa district is part of Mogadishu city with estimated population of 79,510. The target group consists of 200 vulnerable families from the communities of Barwaaqo and Bandarwanaag in the district of Heliwa (Mogadishu) living in extreme poverty. Specifically, the project addresses 200 parents/guardians and 150 young people aged 18-35 who meet a variety of vulnerability criteria. At least 50% of the project participants are female. Engagement in self-help groups and the willingness and motivation to participate in the project are further factors that are taken into account when selecting the beneficiaries. The indirect target group consists of 1,200 children of parents/guardians of the direct target group and improving access to basic child rights and protection situation of the children among the target families. This project aims at improving the socio-economic situation of families and youth in the two quarters of Heliwa. A focus is income-supporting interventions for youth and caregivers. Improving access to capital for those interested in expanding or starting businesses, enhancing vocational and life skills for unemployed youth and building the capacity of community based organizations to address the challenges faced by the community will be some of the key strategies utilized by the project.
  3. Project Objectives Specific Objective 1: Community based self-help structures with a total of 200 members are established contributing to a sustainable poverty reduction. Specific Objective 2: Increased income level of 200 vulnerable families by self-managed micro-credit schemes Specific Objective 3: Improved employability of 150 socio-economic disadvantaged youth. Specific Objective 4: Improved access to basic child rights and protection situation of the children in the 200 target families The project aims at increasing the household income of poor families in order to enable them to adequately care for their children. They will form micro-credit schemes to facilitate access to credit. These will be anchored on established and strengthened CBO’s. Increasing youth employability will be another focus. Youth participants will get access to vocational trainings, mentorship and placement opportunities to better their skills. A startup kit will be provided to participants to better their (self) employment chances. Baseline survey will be carried out for 25 days as indicated below. Time line can be adjusted after mutual agreement.
  4. Purpose of the baseline The overall objective of the baseline survey is to serve as a starting point for the family strengthening programme in Barwaaqo and Bandarwanaag Quarters of Heliwa district and provide statistical data on socioeconomic indicators for the general population before the intervention. The baseline is also needed to critically assess and update indicators, so they measure actual change in response to the objectives/ outcomes.
  5. Objectives of the baseline study The main objective of the baseline study is to prepare a pre-project / baseline information of the target beneficiaries, community and market actors as per the indicators of project goal, objectives and results specified in the project document. This multi sectorial baseline survey specifically will aim to assess the starting point for key project outcomes; household information of the recruited families including economic status, health status, youth employability, assessment of the local economy, assessment of the labour market and an assessment of the health service delivery system among others. Besides, the specific objective of the baseline study includes utilizing a wide range of appropriate tools and methodologies to measure the pre-project status of the project indicators. The base line report will be primarily used by the project and its implementing partners in comparing pre and post project status of targeted families and communities. The relevant project stakeholders and donors will also use the baseline information. The project’s main objective is to support families (CBO members) and youth to become self-reliable through Income Generating Activities (IGAs). By setting up micro-credit schemes the business start-up of families shall be facilitated. A vocational skills training component shall improve the youth’s employability. Hence the Baseline Study shall include an assessment of the local economy in Heliwa. It shall identify market sectors which hold high capacities for successfully running (small) businesses. Likewise, it shall assess the labour market to identify those sectors, which show the highest capacity of absorbing skilled (and trained) youth employees, whether self- or wage employed. The underlying ToRs aim at ensuring the efficient and viable functioning of IGAs as proposed in the approved BMZ funding proposal leading to a raise in the beneficiaries‟ income. Specifically, the survey will • Measure, analyse and understand the market behaviour and the communities‟ needs in the 2 quarters of Heliwa district. In other words, develop a thorough knowledge of the market structure in terms of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and difficulties (SWOT analysis). Adapt the IGA-strategy to these needs in terms of feasibility, viability and efficiency. • Analyse which economic sectors reply to a demand and needs in the community. • Identify suitable sectors for the realisation of business ideas of the beneficiaries. Examine which sectors show capacities to employ youth that will benefit from the vocational skills training component. • Conduct the assessment for opportunities for the 2 quarters of Heliwa district.
  6. Expected results  Economic sectors which hold potentials for self and wage employment are identified  Needs and gaps within the targeted communities are identified  Needs and gaps outside the targeted communities are identified  Examples for relevant business plans are drafted.

  7. Baseline Design and Methodology

  8. a Scope of the baseline The relevant duty bearers – Authorities (Community elders, local leadership) Rights holders (Project beneficiaries and participants (including key stakeholders). 7.b. Participants to be interviewed as key stakeholders include the following: a. Project beneficiaries and participants \ b. Line ministry c. Local Government (social affairs department) d. Community members and local leadership e. Community Based NGOs and CBOs in the project Sites f. Project team g. SOS Children’s Villages Somalia staff 7.c. Specific baseline methodology will include:  Literature review of existing project design documents, reports and data.  Development and administration of the household survey questionnaire.  Assessment of HH vulnerabilities, Market opportunities and appropriate interventions.  Focused group discussions with community representatives, beneficiaries and key stakeholders.  Individual in-depth key informant interviews.

  9. Presentation of the results The consultant is expected to produce a consolidated, quality report; differentiating findings, conclusions and recommendations. In addition to the report, the consultant shall submit data on methodology used, list of people interviewed /met etc. SOS Children’s Villages will conduct the dissemination of the findings, which means the consultant shall have no exclusive copyright of the report.

  10. Work plan The baseline will be carried out in three stages: Stage 1: Undertake a 2-day desk study analysing all documents regarding the operation and context. These documents will be presented to the consultant who will then use the information to plan for the field study. At this stage, preparations for the field assessment exercise will be finalized: key informants will be identified, resources will be mobilised and a final version of terms of reference and timetable for the field visit will be confirmed. Stage 2: At this stage, the consultant will hold preliminary discussions and interviews with key informants from SOS Children’s Villages Somalia and Project staff. The fieldwork will consist of 15 days’ work interviewing target group, beneficiaries, authorities and the other stakeholders. Following the fieldwork, a one-day workshop should be convened to discuss observations and findings of the baseline with all the key informants. Stage 3: This is the debriefing stage and submission of findings including recommendations and conclusions. A face-to-face debriefing with the project staff and key stakeholders of the project before drafting of the baseline begins. The first draft report(s) should be submitted by electronic transmission in accordance with the report format given below to SOS Somaliland as per the agreed upon work plan schedule The final draft will be submitted to SOS, no later than 10 workdays after the feedback from SOS Children’s Villages Somalia based on the first draft of the report.

  11. Report This Baseline will result in the drawing up of baseline report written in a straightforward manner, in English, of a maximum length of 25 pages including the Executive Summary, which should appear at the beginning of the report. Inception Report: The consultant will prepare and submit an inception report detailing how the baseline will be carried out from his/her point of view. The report will outline the study design, tools and detailed work plan for the entire exercise. Draft questionnaires and other data collection tools will be submitted to SOS Children’s Villages Somalia for review and approval before data collection starts. As part of the inception Report, the consultant must provide a data analysis plan showing the questions and analysis for each of the project indicators to be investigated. Preliminary Report: The consultant will submit draft baseline report to the SOS Children’s Villages Somalia. The draft report will be reviewed and comments provided on the report within a week of submission. Final Report: The consultant will submit detailed final report outlining the baseline methodology, findings, lessons learned and recommendations. The report shall incorporate specific simple and achievable recommendations, including the most appropriate strategies that can be undertaken and/or incorporated by SOS Children’s Villages Somalia and Project staff to attempt to address the issues identified. The final report should address the issues and questions rose in this ToR and correspond to the baseline objectives set out above. A final report in both hard and electronic copies shall be made available to SOS Children’s Villages Somalia, not later than 20th March 2019

  12. Deliverables

  13. Final instrument for the baseline survey and tracking sheet for entry of baseline data

    1. Field manual for enumerators.
    2. Detailed report on the sampling, including specifics on the design, methodology, and sample size calculations
  14. Field implementation plan with protocols for the enumerators and supervisors

    1. Data entry and analysis plan
  15. Training of required number of enumerators n 2 CDs.
  16. Two printed and 2 electronic copies, supervisors and data entry staff.
    1. Electronic files with all raw data on CDs of the final report in English
  17. Organization, Roles and Responsibilities The consultant will be contracted by and report to SOS Children’s Villages Somalia. The MEAL Department, Project Coordinator and Key staff from SOS Children’s Villages Somalia and the other Project staff members will act as the advisory group. SOS Children’s Villages Somalia will provide the documents mentioned under available documentation. SOS Children’s Villages Somalia will also provide technical assistance (e.g. make in-country travel arrangements, assist in making appointments, assist in finalizing the programme, avail any other documents and information needed etc.).
  18. Payment The consultancy fee will be paid in two instalments: 40% upon signing the contract and 60% when the final report is approved. Available Documentation The following documents will be availed for and utilized by the consultant Who We Are (SOS Vision, Mission and Values) Proposal, logical framework, Child safeguarding policy and Code of Conduct.
  19. Qualification and Experience The following are minimum requirements for the team/consultant to be considered for carrying out the assignment. a. Either the lead consultant or co-leaders should have at least must possess Master’s Degree in social sciences or in other relevant development discipline.

b. The baseline will be done by a team of experts with experience in the field of Education, Economics, Child rights, Community Development, working, and understanding Somalia context, including Somali language. c. The consultant/s should have monitoring and evaluation as well as results-based reporting skills, strong writing skills, and have at least 7 years of experience in conducting market assessment and baseline surveys. d. For gender sensitivity issues, a female member of the team, will be regarded an asset.


SOS Children’s Village International invites technical and financial proposals from qualified consultants (firm/ individual). Applications from interested candidates should present an application, as follows:

a. A Technical application detailing: - Understanding of the ToRs, methodology and approaches, CVs of the Team Leaders and technical reference of previous similar works

b. A Financial proposal with a detailed budget taking considering the details in the ToR and timelines therein.

c. Registration of the company (federal and regional level)

d. At least Two Reports of similar assignments in the last six months

SOS CV will select the best proposal based on the experience and capacity of the consultant(s), quality of the technical offer and the financial offer. Bids shall be submitted no later than 5:00 pm on Thursday, Feb 28th 2019 to email:

Publish date: 2019-02-22 00:14:44
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