Annual Resilience Measurement

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World Vision

World Vision is an international Christian Relief and Development organization, whose goal is to achieve long-lasting benefits in the quality of life for vulnerable children and their families, displaced persons and communities. www.wvi.org 


Job Details
Employer: World Vision
Job Title: Annual Resilience Measurement
Job Type: Full-Time
Location: Somalia
Category: Other
Description:

Programme name

Somalia Resilience Programme (SomReP)

Target Location

20 districts of SomReP target Districts

Project Goal

To increase the resilience of chronically vulnerable people (disaggregated by Age Gender & Diversity - AGD), HHs, communities and systems in targeted pastoral, agro-pastoral and peri-urban livelihood zones.

Project Outcome

  1. Livelihoods & food security: HHs in targeted communities have improved access to productive livelihoods for enhanced food access and diversity;

  2. Social safety nets: HHs in target communities have their livelihoods and assets protected during shocks and stressors through the establishment and strengthening of social safety nets, including the use of crisis modifier mechanisms such as Savings Group Schemes;

  3. Natural resource management: Eco–system health improved through promotion of equitable and sustainable natural resource management;

  4. Local governance capacity building: Communities, civil society and local institutions are better equipped with resilience strategies and response capacities to cope with recurrent shocks and stressors.

Key partners

ADRA, ACF, ACTED, CARE, COOPI, DRC and World Vision Somalia

Assessment Type

Annual Resilience Measurement

Purpose

To explore the outcomes and impact of the programme, in order to facilitate an understanding amongst the consortium programme staff and stakeholders of the extent to which the envisaged change has been realized.

Primary methods

· Document review

· Focus Group discussions

· Key Informant Interviews

Start and end date: 1st April- 30th April ,2019

Anticipated reporting date: 30th April 2019

1.0 Background

Somali Resilience Programme (SomReP) is a consortium of seven international NGOs namely Action Contre La Faim (ACF), the Adventist Development and Relief Agency International (ADRA), Cooperative Assistance for Relief Everywhere (CARE), Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI), Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Oxfam and World Vision Somalia whose aim is to tackle the challenge of mitigating the effects of recurrent shocks and stressors and alleviating the chronic vulnerability that is common among pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, and peri-urban households across Somalia. The program was designed to address communities’ unique needs by building resilient livelihoods, a strategy founded on the lessons learned and best practices of the consortium members.

With support from DFAT, EU and SDC, SomReP has for the past six years implemented a number of interventions through DFAT 5, EU Bay and Lower Shabelle, EU SWS and SDC projects with the aim of enhancing the resilience of vulnerable populations. To achieve this, SomReP programming supports resilience through:

  1. Livelihoods & food security: HHs in targeted communities have improved access to productive livelihoods for enhanced food access and diversity;

  2. Social Safety Nets: HHs in target communities have their livelihoods and assets protected during shocks and stressors through the establishment and strengthening of social safety nets, including the use of crisis modifier mechanisms such as Savings Group Schemes;

  3. Natural resource management: Eco–system health improved through promotion of equitable and sustainable natural resource management;

  4. Local governance capacity building: Communities, civil society and local institutions are better equipped with resilience strategies and response capacities to cope with recurrent shocks and stressors; and

The rationale behind the theory of change and impact pathways is that implementation of such interventions would eventually result in positive changes in well-being indicators which implicitly is indicative of enhanced adaptive, absorptive and transformative capacity. The program targeted

83,694 households and was implemented in the districts of: Belet Xaawo, Dollow, Luuq, El Barde, Odweyne, Baidoa, Badhan, Bossaso, Burao, Eyl, Hargeisa, Lughaya, Rabdhure, Afgooye, Dinsor, Waajid, Xudur, Laas Caanood, Salahleyand Qansadhere.

At the beginning of all these projects, SomReP conducted baseline surveys to establish benchmark indicators. In addition, in 2016 and 2017, annual resilience measurements were conducted to document impact of the projects that were implemented. This resilience measurement study will build on these studies to assess the effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of the programme and document the impact of the program thus far realized. SomReP would also want to take advantage of this assessment to establish whether the hypotheses and assumptions set to underpin causal linkages between inputs and activities and outcomes and impacts were plausible and valid. The results of the assessment will be particularly important for SomReP not only to understand the impact of the project, test the theory of change underpinning the strategies and interventions delivered, but will also inform future strategic programming and project development.

2.0 Scope of Assessment and Objectives

The scope and focus of this assessment is to explore the outcomes and impact of the programme, in order to facilitate an understanding amongst the consortium programme staff and stakeholders of the extent to which the envisaged change has been realized. Specifically, the assessment seeks to:

  • · Assess the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of the program strategies and interventions in relation to the context and the programme strategic framework, documenting the lessons learnt and best practices to inform future programming;
  • · Establish the extent to which the programme achieved its purpose and delivered on intended outputs, and whether the intended outcomes were met in relation to resilience programming;
  • · Assess the impact of the programme with particular focus on establishing changes that have occurred as measured by resilience and wellbeing indicators for example food security and coping strategies indicators (i.e. HHS, FCS, RCSI, and HFIAS), ownership of household and community productive assets (climate sensitive and non-climate sensitive assets), income and expenditures among others; and
  • · Assess sustainability of the project interventions beyond donor funding.

3.0 Study Design

For this resilience assessment, it is suggested that a non-experimental pre-test and post-test research design should be used to allow for comparison of resilience and wellbeing outcomes – before and after the project interventions. This design is further recommended because it will not just allow for documentation of the current situation regarding the resilience and wellbeing of households and communities but it will also allow for comparison with the values of resilience measurements that were obtained in 2016 and 2017 respectively. In addition, by virtue of the research design focusing on households and communities that have been exposed to project interventions, it will allow for assessment of associations between outcomes and the programme.

4.0 Research Methodology

To ensure that results are triangulated and collated, a mixed methods approach (i.e. combining qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis techniques) is recommended.

Qualitative data shall be collected through focus group and key informant interviews with programme’s target beneficiaries (pastoral, agro-pastoral, peri-urban or in some cases, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), other community members, government stakeholders, and strategic partners. Qualitative data will include data on governance issues, participation of different gender groups in decision making, community level infrastructure and services and community experience of covariate shocks. Additionally, the consultant will be required to review available secondary data including past annual resilience measurement, evaluation reports, and Livelihood Recovery assessment report to strengthen the data comparison across the districts.

As regard to quantitative data, the assessment will employ a comprehensive approach of data collection with a clear sampling methodology in all the target locations. This will be approved by the SomReP team before the actual field work. Quantitative data shall be collected through household survey using a harmonized resilience tool[1]. Key data to be collected using household questionnaire include household demographics, household participation (non-participation) in the program, household’s exposure to shocks (both covariate and idiosyncratic), household resilience and wellbeing indicators for example productive assets, expenditure/income, food security and copping strategies that is Food Consumption Score (FCS), Household Hunger Scale (HHS), Reduced Consumption Strategy Index (RCSI), and Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS).

5.0 Study Population and Sampling Frame

The study population will comprise of programme beneficiaries from the operational districts and villages and key informants at the community, district and institutional level. The sampling unit will be a village and the villages will be stratified first by district and then by livelihood zone. The programme will provide to the consultant a list of beneficiaries[2] reached in each village. The programme reached to 20 districts; 14 districts in the south and six (6) districts in the north.

6.0 Sample technique and Sample Size Calculation

For qualitative survey, a purposive sampling technique will be used to sample direct beneficiaries (pastoral, agro-pastoral, peri-urban or in some cases, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)), community members, government stakeholders, and strategic partners for key informants and focus group discussion. The sample size for qualitative group will governed by the golden rule of data saturation[3].

For quantitative survey, a random sampling technique will be used to sample direct beneficiaries (and non-beneficiaries). To determine the sample size for quantitative survey, two important statistical parameters will be considered: the survey’s margin of error and confidence level. A margin of error of 8% and confidence interval of 95% are recommended[4] to arrive at the total number of respondents per district. The sample size will be determined using the formula below given by Krejcie and Smith[5], 1979.

7.0 Management of the Consultancy and Reporting

The consultants undertaking the assignment will report directly to the SomReP M&E manager to ensure compliance with the intended goals. Regular consultation meetings will be arranged between the SomReP TU and the consultant as need arises.

8.0 Authority and Responsibility.

8.1.1 World Vision/SomReP

  • · Provide the selected consultant with necessary documents to enable a clear reporting and understanding of the SomReP program.
  • · Create linkages with field staff, Implementing partners and other stakeholders to ensure effective coordination and implementation of the study.
  • · Review consultants’ inception report and assessment draft reports and provide feedback to ensure consistency with SomReP implementation objective.
  • · Arrange key informant interviews and focus-group discussions as per the evaluation schedule submitted by the consultant.
  • · Liaise with local implementing partners on behalf of the consultants to plan data collection.
  • · Provide necessary orientation and training to the consultant.
  • · Review and approve field approaches to be used by the consultant.

8.1.2 Consultant

  • · Develop inception report before actual roll out of the assessment detailing study methodology and appropriate/relevant data collection tools. The consultant is also expected to indicate sample size population for the target population using World Vision approved methodology- Learning through Evaluation with Accountability and Planning (LEAP 3) with the aim of achieving 95% confidence level and 8% margin of error.
  • · Work closely with SomReP M&E manager, the partners and project staff during the design of the methodology/ tools; agree on the tools that will be used.
  • · Incorporate feedback into tools and reports which will be given from the team.
  • · Train enumerators, guide and supervise enumerators during data collection in the field.
  • · Make visits to data collection site and do Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs).
  • · Approximately one hour PowerPoint presentation of results and discussions to be delivered at either the Nairobi office or on Skype.
  • · Do de-briefing on preliminary findings to the field team soon after data collection Report writing. The result is expected to be shared with the stakeholders and the consultant needs to give due attention for the quality of the report.
  • · Submit draft and final assessments reports as per assessment schedule

9. Limitation

  • · Somali-English translation, important information may be lost in the process.
  • · Time and security are considered to be one of the major limitations to assessment processes as the fragile and versatile context in Somalia makes it often challenging to keep up strictly with a set agenda.
  • · To address the issue, there is a plan to have extra overflow days for field data collection for each District. SomReP team will work closely with the security department to ensure that the Baseline field processes are conducted in the most appropriate time and secure conditions.
  • · The capacity of the external data collectors also represents a limitation for the baseline study and to mitigate this, three days of training will be allocated for them.

10. Logistics

WV will facilitate any travel logistics including, access to operational area, flights and accommodation.

11. Proposal Content

Proposals from Consultants should include the following information (at a minimum)

  • · Technical Proposal with clear methodology, describing the data collection methods, sampling techniques, and data analysis plan to be used.
  • · CV of key consultant(s) attached to the technical proposal.
  • · Proposed budget.
  • · Proposed assessment schedule.

12. The desired profile of the baseline external consultant

· In-depth knowledge and experience of Somalia and its regions including government and community level service delivery structures.

· Masters/PhD degree in; Social sciences, Development studies, Monitoring and Evaluation and International studies, project planning and management and other related fields. Has a minimum of 5 years of technically sound experiences in Resilience measurements or in conducting quantitative assessments. Has at least 3 years of extensive experiences in food security and livelihood programing/resilience programing. Strong written, communication, and interpersonal skills in English, with substantial experience in training and managing teams.

· Has experiencing in writing impact evaluation reports and presenting the same to diverse audience.

· Prior experience working in Somalia and relationships with Somali-speaking field data collection supervisors will strongly be considered.

Applications from qualified firms/individuals should be submitted by 15 March, 2019 to somo_supplychain@wvi.org

Bids Title;Annual Resilience Measurement

[1] The resilience tools that were used in the previous studies have been harmonized to ensure that results are comparable over time.

[2] A household is considered a beneficiary if they have participated in any of the interventions implemented by SomReP.

[3] Data saturation was reached, ie till no new data seemed to be emerging

[4] They are recommended because previous resilience measurements used the same statistical parameters and for our results to be comparable, we need to maintain the same values of margin error (8%) and confidence interval (95%).

[5] Krejcie, R. V. and D. W. Smith. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. Vol 30, Issue 3. Pp. 607-610. Sage Publications Inc.

HOW TO APPLY:

Applications from qualified firms/individuals should be submitted both Financial and Technical proposals by 15 March, 2019 to somo_supplychain@wvi.org

Bids Title;Annual Resilience Measurement

 
Publish date: 2019-03-07 14:29:51
Premium Job: No
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